E175 is part of the E-Jet family of commercial jets that is manufactured by Embraer. Commercial aircraft of the E-Jet family include the E170, E175, E190 and E195.

The E175 aircraft is in service with 12 reputed passenger airlines, including Air Canada, Oman Air, Republic Airlines, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Jet Airways and others. More than 150 E175s are in operational service currently.

Embraer has launched a programme to enhance the E-Jet aircraft, including the E175. To reduce fuel burn by 5%, the aircraft are being augmented with new wingtips, refinements to systems, and aerodynamics.

Commercial jet variants

Embraer conducted the maiden flight of E175 in 2003 and has since then obtained type certification for the aircraft from several aviation authorities in Brazil, Europe, and the US.

The E175 is currently manufactured in three versions, namely standard (STD), long range (LR) and advance range (AR). The AR version was introduced in 2007. It offers greater range and payload capacity, resulting from structural reinforcements.

International orders and deliveries

Estonian Air ordered three E175 aircraft in February 2012.

In December 2012, Japan-based Fuji Dream Airlines placed a follow-on order for two E175 aircraft, which brought the total number of aircraft ordered by the airline to eight. Fuji Dream had ordered its first E175 in 2009.

United Airlines placed a contract for 30 E175 jets in April 2013 and the first aircraft was delivered in April 2014. Mesa Airlines  operates the new aircraft under the United Express brand. Embraer placed a $1.1bn firm order with United Airlines at the Farnborough Airshow in July 2018 for 25 E175 jets by 2019.

American Airlines placed a $2.5bn order for 60 E175 aircraft plus options for 90 more aircraft in December 2013. The first aircraft was delivered in February 2015. The airline placed an order worth $705m for 15 E175 aircraft, increasing the total number to 104. Deliveries are slated to begin in 2020.

In July 2014, Trans States Holdings placed an order for 50 E175-E2 jets. The $2.4bn contract also includes options for an additional 50 units. Deliveries are scheduled to commence in June 2020.

Republic Airways placed a $2.1bn firm order for 50 E175 jets in September 2014. The fleet will be operated by United Airlines under the United Express name. The airline signed a $4.69bn contract with Embraer in December 2018 to buy 100 E175 jets, with purchase rights for an additional 100 aircraft.

The first delivery of the earlier order placed by the company for 47 firm and 47 option E175s in January 2013 was made in July 2013. The aircraft fleet is in service with American Airlines under the American Eagle brand.

SkyWest placed $301m order for seven E175 jets in November 2014, as part of a previous order from the company for 100 E-Jets (40 firm and 60 reconfirmable) in 2013. The contract was followed by a new $422m contract awarded in January 2018 for nine E175 jets, increasing the total number of orders to 158. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2019.

In July 2018, Mauritania Airlines awarded a $93.8m contract to Embraer for the supply of two E175 jets.

Embraer E175 aircraft design and features

“Embraer has launched a programme to enhance the E-Jet aircraft, including the E175.”

E175 features a low-wing monoplane design with a conventional tailed body. It features a cost-effective design integrated with features to maximise passenger comfort.

The overall length of the jet is 31.68m and its overall height is 9.73m. The aircraft is low in weight and offers a high-payload capacity. The maximum payload capacity ranges from 10,080kg to 10,360kg, based on the variant.

Two doors are provided in the front and aft for passengers. A similar set of doors are provided separately in the front and aft sections for service personnel and cargo.

It offers easy maintenance to operators, with about 86% of the spare parts being common for all jets in the E-Jet family. The cockpit, fly-by-wire technology and other systems used are common for all the jets in the family.

The cockpit of E175 has two seats for the pilot and co-pilot, with easy-to-access controls and systems. It is acoustically and thermally insulated. A hand microphone is fixed to the left front door. Circuit breakers are located immediately below it. Handle wheel steering is located conveniently beside the hand microphone.

A bulkhead with lockable door separates the cabin from the cockpit.

Cabin details for Embraer’s aircraft

The E175 can accommodate 78 to 88 passengers, depending on the variant. Its fuselage is designed to maximise personal space for passengers. The cabin also accommodates one observer and two flight attendants. An additional seat for a second observer can be fitted optionally.

The cabin is spacious, with a length of 21.2m, width of 2.74m and height of 2m. The double-bubble design of the fuselage offers a wide aisle and seats. It features a four-abreast seating configuration that allows for smoother and easier boarding and deplaning.

The arrangement of the 78-seat configuration constitutes 19 double seats on the left and 20 double seats on the right. The arrangement can be optionally modified to double first-class seats on the right and single first-class seats on the left.

Cargo compartments, avionics and engines onboard

The E175 is provided with two cargo compartments under the floor. The compartments are located in the forward and aft portions of the wing. The forward compartment is bigger, with a volume of 9.92m3 and a loading capacity of 1,500kg. The aft compartment is smaller, with a cargo volume of 7.2m3 and a loading capacity of 1,150kg.

“E175 is currently manufactured in three versions, namely standard (STD), long range (LR) and advance range (AR).”

A door net is fitted at each cargo door, while vertical nets can also be fitted optionally.

The cockpit has digital systems, including a multifunction display screen, guidance panels, electronic instrument system (EIS) and primary flight display (PFD).

Embraer E175 is powered by two FADEC-controlled GE CF 34-8E engines installed under the wings. The engines are fully interchangeable and have a maximum diameter of 136cm. The thrust-to-weight ratio of the engine is 5.41. Dry weight of the engine is 2,627lb (1,192kg). The noise of the engines is compliant with stage III and IV standards.

The engine provides a maximum thrust of 14,200lb to the aircraft.

Landing gear on Embraer E175

The E175 commercial jet features tricycle-type, twin-wheeled landing gear.

E175 commercial jet performance

The aircraft takes 18 minutes to climb and can fly at a maximum operating speed of 0.82 mach. The maximum service ceiling of the jet is 41,000ft, while the maximum range is 1,700nm (3,151km) for STD, 1,900nm (3,521km) for LR and 2,000nm (3,706km) for the AR version.

The aircraft requires a minimum runway length of 1,261m for take-off and 1,259m for landing. The minimum runway width required for a 180° turn is 18.04m.

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