Sonaca 200 Aircraft, Belgium
Sonaca 200 is a two-seater, single-engine aircraft designed by Sonaca Aircraft for pilot training and leisure flights. It is the first aircraft assembled in Belgium, to be exhibited at the Aero Friedrichshafen show in April 2016.
The aircraft is designed and developed for the general aviation market and is currently undergoing tests in Belgium and other neighbouring countries for type certifications.
Sonaca 200 is designed to obtain type certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). Sonaca Aircraft initiated the process for both Design Organization Approval (DOA) and Production Organization Approval (POA) for the aircraft as per European norms.
Sonaca Aircraft is planning to introduce a four-seat version of the aircraft in future.
Sonaca 200 orders and deliveries
Sonaca Aircraft received 14 pre-orders for the Sonaca 200 aircraft form European customers, including eight from Air Academy New CAG of Belgium, and two each from Aeroclub Tissandier of France, Flight Training London of UK, and FFL Flugschule am Flughafen Essen / Mülheim of Germany.
The first deliveries will commence by the end of 2017.
Design and features of the light sport aircraft
The airframe of Sonaca 200 is constructed with corrosion-resistant, semi-stressed aluminium structure. The fuselage, wing and tail of the aircraft are built using aluminium alloy. The main landing gear features glass fibre with powerful shock absorption, and is designed for use on unprepared and grass runways.
The aircraft features sharp engine cowling design for maximising the propeller efficiency. The structure of the aircraft is fixed with rivets, which includes inspection panels that can be easily removed for maintenance.
The aircraft's wings are fitted with electrical slotted flaps and balanced pushrod ailerons. Superior strobe, navigation and landing lights are fitted on both wings for improved visibility in adverse conditions. The winglets feature an optimised elliptic shape for reducing aerodynamic drag.
The aircraft includes a conventional tail with horn balanced stabiliser and elevators for flutter prevention. It comes with a steerable nose wheel and is manoeuvrable during taxi on any surface that can avoid early wearing of brakes.
The external dimensions of the aircraft include length of 7m and wingspan of 9.15m.
Sonaca 200 cockpit and avionics
The aircraft's cockpit is fully-equipped for night-VFR flight. Its dashboard features modern instrumentation such as a digital engine monitoring system, artificial horizon, and navigation aid. The avionics also include standard analogue instrumentation and toe brakes.
The aircraft features a large cabin, which can accommodate seating for two passengers. The cabin includes hand-stitched leather seats and dashboard. The luggage compartment is located behind the seats and can allow up to 35kg of weight.
The cabin is covered with a large bubble canopy mounted on two sliding tracks to ensure good visibility. It is fitted with acoustic foam for low-in-flight noise levels. The aircraft can be taxied with an open canopy.
The cabin also includes footboard and wide footpath areas, which allow easy access onboard.
Engine and performance details
The aircraft is powered by a four-cylinder, four-stroke liquid / air-cooled Rotax 914F engine with opposed cylinders, generating approximately 115hp. The engine is driven by a fixed pitch MT propeller.
The powerplant provides short take-off performance, high-climb rate at high-altitude, as well as secure cruise speed for long trips. It offers a time between overhauls (TBO) of 2,000 hours.
It has two fuel tanks with a capacity of 70l each, which are integrated into the wings of the aircraft. It can be used with avgas and mogas as fuels.
The aircraft has a maximum cruise speed of 115kt, stall speed of 45kt, range of 750nm and climb rate of 750ft per minute (fpm).
The empty weight of the aircraft is 430kg and the maximum weight is 750kg. It can take a useful payload of 320kg and requires a take-off distance of 350m and landing distance of 300m.