Amazonas 5 Communication Satellite, Brazil
Amazonas 5 is a multi-session communication satellite scheduled to be launched aboard Proton M Breeze M launch vehicle in September 2017. The satellite will be placed at 61°W longitude orbital position and will provide video content delivery as well as internet connectivity in Latin America.
Amazonas 5 will offer replacement services for the performance loss of the Amazonas 4A and the cancelled Amazonas 4B satellites. The new satellite will be operated by Hispasat, a Spanish satellite operator.
Amazonas 5 satellite design and development
Amazonas 5 satellite's design and construction contract was awarded to Space Systems Loral (SSL) in December 2014. The satellite was manufactured at SSL's facility located at Palo Alto in California, US.
Export Development Canada (EDC) provided €140m (C$190.7m) financing to Hispasat for the construction of the Amazonas 5 satellite in March 2015.
The fully built satellite underwent all the functional and environmental tests before shipping to the launch site. The satellite was transported to Baikonur, Kazakhstan, aboard an Antonov aircraft in August 2017. It will undergo pre-launch tests before the scheduled launch in September 2017.
Based on SSL1300 platform, the satellite is designed for a lifespan of 15 years. It will have a launch mass of 5,900kg and will include two deployable solar arrays and batteries. It will use electric propulsion for the on-station phase.
Amazonas 5 satellite communication capabilities
The Amazonas 5 is equipped with 34 Ka-band spot beams and 24 Ku-band transponders. It will provide broadband internet services, television, corporate networks, and other telecommunications applications to more than a half a million people located in Brazil and other Latin American countries. It will also offer transportation or backhaul services to deploy 3G, LTE and even 5G cellular networks.
The satellite will help Hispasat to bridge the digital divide in Latin America and enhance video neighbourhood in the region.
Launch vehicle details
Amazonas 5 will be launched aboard the Proton M Breeze M launch vehicle, which has a height of 58.2m, gross lift-off weight of 705,000kg, and uses UDMH and NTO propellant.
The launch services will be managed by International Launch Services (ILS).
The first three stages will use a standard ascent profile to place the satellite into a sub-orbital trajectory, which will be followed by performing planned mission manoeuvres to place the satellite in a geosynchronous transfer orbit. The satellite will be separated from the launch vehicle nine hours and 12 minutes after the lift-off.
The launch will be performed from pad 39 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Ground control station
Hispasat initiated construction of a new satellite control centre for its affiliate HISPAMAR at Serviente in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in July 2016. The new centre will have a ground station, which will control the Amazonas 5 satellite.
The new facility construction is expected to be completed with an investment of approximately $12.2m. It will include 20 antennae and state-of-the-art equipment.
Indra was awarded a €5m ($5.46m) contract to expand the ground segment of Hispasat to monitor and control the new Amazonas 5 satellite in February 2016. As part of the contract, Indra will supply two ground stations to be installed at the Hispasat control centre.