L410 L420

The L 410 / L 420 range of short-range airliner and transport aircraft is manufactured by LET Aircraft Industries. The L 410 UVP-E20 / L 420 aircraft is the latest member in the L 410 / L 420 series.

On 16 April 1969, the first L 410 prototype completed its maiden flight. More than 1,100 L 410 aircraft were delivered, of which 400 are still in service with civilian and military operators across the world.

"On 16 April 1969, the first L 410 prototype completed its maiden flight."

The L 410 UVP-E20 aircraft complies with the regulations of the FAR 23, Amendment 34. It was accepted by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) for operation in all EASA countries. The aircraft also received type certificates to operate in Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Indonesia, Kenya, the Philippines, Tanzania, and South Africa.

L 420 is a US FAA-certified version of the L 410 UVP-E20. It received certification by the FAA in accordance with FAR 23, Amendment 41 regulation. The aircraft also was certified for flying in the countries above as well as the Czech Republic and US.

In July 2012, Ilyushin Finance and Aircraft Industries signed a memorandum of understanding with LET for 10 L-410 UVP-E20 aircraft.

L 410 / L 420 aircraft design

The aircraft’s design incorporates an all metal airframe made of high corrosion resistive materials. The robust structure was designed to ensure a high level of operational reliability. The unique design incorporating a durable airframe delivers superior performance in utmost climatic conditions ranging from -50°C to 50°C.

It has a length of 14.42m, wing span of 19.9m and a height of 5.8m. The maximum takeoff weight is 6,600kg; the total payload capacity is 1,800kg.

Flight deck and avionics of the short-range LET Aircraft

The primary flight deck accommodates two members of crew and is equipped with state-of-the-art avionics in various configurations. The radio-navigation and communication equipment includes advanced flight display (AFD), NAV/COM/GPS, Gyro compass, emergency locator transmitter, weather radar and radar altimeter.

In addition, there is the option for the aircraft to be fitted with a high frequency transceiver, autopilot, enhanced ground proximity warning system (EGPWS), TCAS II (traffic collision avoidance system) and electronic flight instrumentation system (EFIS).

L 410 / L 420 cabin areas

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The wide-body aircraft provides a passenger cabin volume of 17.9m³. The standard seating arrangement can accommodate 19 passengers. Cabins are designed to offer a high degree of passenger comfort. The internal volume allows for maximum versatility and utilisation of the aircraft for special operations.

Passengers are provided with comfortable seats occupying 76cm. The cabin offers wide aisle and spacious luggage storage in addition to the seating area, with the internal layout offering copious headroom and legroom with large windows in each row. The cabin is also equipped with a separate front and rear luggage compartments.

The spacious interiors make the aircraft ideal for executive travelling. The interior can be customised according to the specifications and requirements of the customers.

L 410 / L 420 cargo capacity

The aircraft offers 17.9m³ of cabin space for air freight operations. Loading and unloading of cargo is complemented by the large cargo door. The aircraft can be converted into mixed (cargo/pax) configuration according to the customer needs.

Internal space can be converted to house seats, stretchers special medical accessories, lamps, surgery table and oxygen for the ambulance version. The internal volume can be used to install various mission equipment for special applications, such as skydiving, MPA/MSA and photogrammetric.

Engine and propulsion of the LET short-range airliner

The L 410 is powered by two Walter M601-E/F reverse-flow turboprop engines. The two-shaft engine is equipped with a water injection system for superior hot and high performance. The low fuel consumption and low-cost maintenance engine makes the aircraft extremely cost effective.

It is fitted with two five-bladed AVIA V510 propellers, designed to withstand rough conditions on unpaved airstrips. Each propeller is equipped with a system of automatic, manual and emergency feathering. A power control lever is provided to operate in reverse-thrust setting.

L 410 / L 420 landing gear

"The aircraft features a tricycle type landing gear with low pressure tyres."

The aircraft features a tricycle type landing gear with low pressure tyres. It allows the L 410 / L 420 to operate from both paved and unpaved airstrips in remote and undeveloped areas. The front and main landing gear is equipped with two-chamber shock absorbers. Its main wheels have disc brakes equipped with an ABS antiskid system. The short takeoff and landing (STOL) capability allows the aircraft to takeoff from short runways.

Performance of the LET aircraft

The aircraft can fly at a maximum altitude of 4,200m. The rate of climb is 6.6m a second. The maximum speed is 386km an hour, with a range of 1,400km.