Dornier Seawings Seastar Amphibious Aircraft, China
Seastar is an advanced amphibious aircraft under development by Dornier Seawings, a joint venture of the Wuxi Industrial Development Group, the Wuxi Communications Industry Group and the Dornier family.
The aircraft, which can operate on land, as well as water surfaces, is expected to achieve CS-23 (FAR 23) type certificate from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) in the second quarter of 2016.
The aircraft production began in February 2016 and its first fuselage is expected to arrive at Dornier Seawings' final assembly line by June 2016, while aircraft deliveries are expected to begin in 2018.
Design and features of Seastar aircraft
Originally developed by Claudius Dornier, the Seastar amphibious aircraft features an all-composite boat hull that can perform in rough seas and has high-durability.
The aircraft features landing gear and fuel tanks in the sponsons on both sides of the fuselage, which enable water-handling and a low centre of gravity for the aircraft.
The interior of the Seastar can be altered to make it suitable for different operations including VIP, commercial, government or corporate missions. The aircraft also comes in cargo and ambulance configurations.
The exterior dimensions of the aircraft include length of 12.7m, height of 4.73m and wingspan of 17.74m. It has wing area of 30.60m², wheel base of 4.15m and wheel track of 2.73m.
Cockpit and avionics
The cockpit is equipped with Honeywell's state-of-the art Primus® Epic 2.0 avionics suite. The avionics include advanced vision, communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management systems. Four 10in LCD displays provide all flight information in an easily readable layout. A synthetic vision system is also fitted that enhances situational awareness using Honeywell's interactive navigation.
The cockpit further includes simplified navigation that provides graphical flight planning, display of the environment around the aircraft, and safer flights with alerts during taxi, take-off and landing.
The ergonomically-configured flight deck reduces pilot workload by providing synthetic vision and electronic checklists.
The Seastar features a spacious cabin, which can accommodate up to 12 passengers in addition to two crew members. The cabin has a length of 4m, height of 1.4m, width of 1.65m and total volume of 8.23m³. It has a baggage volume of 1.63m³ with a baggage capacity up to180kg.
The aircraft is offered in three cabin configurations - VIP configuration, which comes with six leather seats and lavatory, Corporate configuration, which features nine seats with wide flat floor, and Commuter configuration with 12 seats.
Large windows in the cabin will allow natural light and offer visibility outside. A sliding door is provided for easy access from the cabin to the baggage compartment.
Engine and performance details
The amphibious aircraft is powered by a PT6A-135A engine developed by Pratt & Whitney with 650 flat-rated SHP. It is driven by a five-bladed propeller manufactured by MT Propeller. The time between overhaul is 3,600hr and the fuel capacity is 1,734l.
The aircraft flies at a cruise speed of 333km/h and a stall speed of 120km/h. It has a maximum range of 1,667km and maximum operating altitude of 4,573m. Its maximum flight time is 7.5hr, take-off distance on land is 564m, and that on water 762m. The landing distance of the aircraft on land is 686m, while that on water is 756m. The rate of climb with engines is 396mpm, while that with a single engine is 159mpm.
The aircraft has a ramp weight of 4,650kg and maximum takeoff weight of 4,600kg. It can carry a useful load of 1,361kg, whereas the maximum landing weight on land is 4,500kg and that on water is 4,600kg.
Diamond Aircraft Industries was contracted to supply the airframe, including fuselage, wings and flight controls, in January 2016. Deliveries are expected to Dornier Seawings' final assembly line by June 2016.
Sumitomo Precision Products Canada was contracted to supply corrosion-resistant tricycle landing gear for the aircraft.