Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner, United States of America
Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner, the latest and longest member in the Boeing 787 family of commercial aircraft, was officially launched at the 2013 Paris Air Show in Le Bourget, France, in June 2013.
The new Dreamliner can reach a distance of 12,964km, covering more than 90% of the world's twin-aisle routes. It is expected to be 25% more fuel efficient compared with other aircraft of similar size.
It is currently being designed at the Everett facility in Washington and final assembly is scheduled to begin in 2017 in North Charleston, South Carolina, US. First delivery is expected in 2018.
Orders and deliveries
All Nippon Airways (ANA) placed a $1.4bn order for three 787-10 Dreamliners in January 2015. GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS), meanwhile, placed a $2.9bn order for ten aircraft in September 2013.
Air Lease Corporation (ALC) has also finalised a $9.4bn order for 30 787-10 and three 787-9 aircraft.
Boeing received commitments for 102 787-10 aircraft from five customers at the 2013 Paris Air Show. These include 30 aeroplanes from Air Lease Corporation, ten from GE Capital Aviation Services, 12 from International Airlines Group / British Airways subject to shareholder approval, 30 from Singapore Airlines and 20 from United Airlines.
Boeing's 787-9 Dreamliner is a stretched variant of the 787-8 aircraft.
The aircraft incorporates a unique one-piece composite barrel and all-composite wing structure integrating small fairings and raked wingtips.
The single-piece barrel construction effectively eliminates all longitudinal skin splices for reducing weight and maintenance costs. It also avoids fuselage lap joints, doublers and skin overlap, resulting in lesser maintenance inspections.
Simple pivot trailing-edge flaps feature fewer parts and ensure much smaller flap-track fairings, resulting in efficient lift-to-drag characteristics for reductions in fuel consumption and costs.
787-10's wing structure, made of composite materials such as carbon laminate and carbon sandwich, provides a higher aspect ratio, which, combined with efficiency-enhancing raked wing tips, enables the aircraft to achieve a maximum cruise speed of up to Mach 0.85 with less fuel consumption.
787-10 technical specifications
The aircraft will have a cross section of 574cm, wing span of 60m, length of 68m and height of 17m. Its maximum take-off weight will be 252,651kg and total cargo volume will be 175m³, which is 41% and 13% more than that of the 787-8 and 787-9, respectively.
In standard configuration, it will accommodate 323 passengers, which is 33% more than the capacity of 787-8 and 15% more than 787-9.
The 787-10 features a state-of-the-art flight deck incorporating large panel multifunctional displays, dual head-up display (HUD), dual electronic flight bags and advanced fly-by-wire control system.
A spacious and comfortable cabin, with large dimmable windows, adjustable soft LED lighting and a facility to introduce clean and healthy air, can be found on the aircraft.
It also includes spacious stowage bins and quieter interior. The typical seating arrangement includes 247 economy seats, 58 business seats and 18 first-class seats.
The adjustable windows allow passengers to regulate the intensity of light entering from outside. They are fitted with an electrochromic dimming system, which changes the tint of the window from completely transparent to fully dim.
The comfortable feel of the cabin is enhanced by soft LED lighting. This can be adjusted as per the flying modes such as boarding, flight, relaxing, serving meal, sleeping and pre-landing.
Cabin altitude is pressurised to a maximum level of 6,000ft to 2,000ft lower than most other aircraft.
The Boeing 787-10 will be powered by either Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 or GE Aviation GEnx-1B engines. The Trent 1000 engine will generate a maximum thrust of 78,000lbf, whereas the GEnx-1B will provide a maximum take-off thrust of 76,100lbf.
GEnx engines include high-pressure compressors and twin-annular pre-swirl combustors, as well as lightweight and durable composite materials. They feature 3D aerodynamics in the low pressure turbine and are the first to use Ti Aluminide blades.