The US Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) new small drone regulation, known as Part 107, has become effective from 29 August, making it easier for businesses to fly drones for commercial purposes.

Designed mainly to reduce risks to other aircraft, as well as people and property on the ground, the new regulations do not apply to model aircraft operations that meet all the criteria mentioned in section 336 of Public Law 112-95.

Section 336 also mandates that drones can be operated only for hobby or recreational purposes.

FAA administrator Michael Huerta said: “The FAA’s role is to set a flexible framework of safety without impeding innovation.

“The FAA’s role is to set a flexible framework of safety without impeding innovation."

“With these rules, we have created an environment in which emerging technology can be rapidly introduced while protecting the safety of the world’s busiest, most complex airspace.”

Under Part 107, companies will have to apply for a waiver, if their drone operations do not fall under the rules.

During the first day, FAA issued more than 70 waivers, based on petitions for section 333 exemptions.

The new rule also allows companies to fly drones in uncontrolled airspace without air traffic control authorisation. However, operations in other airspace require prior approval from air traffic authority.

In order to use the controlled airspace, the business will have to submit a request at least 90 days before their flight.

With the new regulation in place, testing centres across the country can conduct the aeronautical knowledge test required under Part 107.

After passing the test, the companies must complete an FAA airman certificate and/or rating application to obtain their remote pilot certificate.