TriFan 600 Business Jet, United States of America
The TriFan 600 six-seat aircraft is currently under development by XTI Aircraft Company. It is being developed as the world's first long-range vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) jet.
XTI plans to develop the aircraft to target business aviation, and corporate executives and high-net worth individuals. The company expects to sell between 40 and 100 TriFan 600 aircraft a year.
Development of the VTOL business jet
XTI launched an equity crowdfunding campaign for fundraising to develop the TriFan 600 aircraft in August 2015 after getting approval from the US Securities and Exchange Commission.
XTI began preliminary design to develop the first prototype of the aircraft in November 2015. Trifan 600 aircraft's flying concept demonstrator is expected to be ready in three years, while certification is expected to take between seven and nine years.
The production full-scale prototype will be followed by one or more prototypes, which will be used for obtaining certification from the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to begin commercial aircraft production and sales.
TriFan 600 aircraft design and features
The fuselage of the aircraft will be constructed using carbon fibre and epoxy structure. The preliminary design of the aircraft involves work on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), including wind tunnel testing using computer.
The aircraft will include three 72in ducted fans and two wing fans. It lifts off vertically using three ducted fans and the wing fans will rotate forward to offer transition for high-speed flight. The aircraft can also be landed vertically on any clear helipad-sized paved surface.
The aircraft can fly faster, has a greater range, and saves time by eliminating travelling to and from airports, says XTI. It can take-off straight up from any paved helipad-sized space.
TriFan 600 cockpit and avionics
The aircraft will be equipped with fly-by-wire flight control systems integrated with advanced avionics. It will include single pilot instrument flight rules (IFR) and will also feature advanced safety features, including autopilot and computerised controls for take-off and landing.
TriFan 600 aircraft cabin details
The business jet will accommodate five passengers and one pilot, with adequate space for bags. It will feature pressurised cabin comforts integrated with modern luxury seating arrangement with stylish surfaces and interiors.
The aircraft will include a sliding door that will cover up the third ducted fan for forward flight.
Engine and performance
The TriFan 600 will be powered by two 2,600HP high-performance turbo shaft engines. The first prototype will be fitted with HTS900 engine manufactured by Honeywell Aerospace. The engine will utilise a dual-channel full-authority digital engine control (FADEC) system with a manual back-up.
The aircraft will have a maximum cruise speed of 340k (390mph), maximum cruise altitude of 35,00ft, and range of 1,500nm. It will attain maximum altitude in 11 minutes and maximum cruise speed in 90 seconds.
Honeywell Aerospace was contracted to supply a HTS900 engine for use in the first prototype in August 2016. The contractual scope also includes an additional engine to XTI for a ground propulsion test system.