Telkom-3S Telecommunications Satellite, Indonesia
Telkom-3S, a geostationary communications satellite, is scheduled to be launched into the geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana in February 2017.
Owned and operated by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia TbK (Telkom Indonesia), the satellite is a replacement to Telkom-3 satellite, which was stranded in an unusable orbit after launch in August 2012.
Telkom-3S will be located at 118° east orbital position and will offer high-definition television (HDTV) broadcasting, mobile and internet applications covering Indonesia, Southeast Asia and part of Malaysia. The satellite construction and launch operations are expected to be completed with an estimated investment between $200 and $250m.
Telkom-3S satellite design and development
Thales Alenia Space was awarded a $199m-worth contract to provide design, testing and in-orbit delivery of Telkom-3S satellite in February 2014. The scope of the contract also includes providing early orbit phase (LEOP) and in-orbit testing (IOT) services. The satellite was built in Thales' facilities located at Toulouse and Cannes in France.
Based on Spacebus 4000B2 platform developed by Thales, the satellite is designed for a lifespan of 15 years. It will have a length, height and width of 1.8m, 2.95m and 2.86m respectively, a launch mass of 3,350kg and payload power of 6.4kW.
The satellite was shipped from Cannes to the launch site in Kourou, French Guiana, for performing pre-launch tests and was fuelled for lift-off in February 2017.
Telkom-3S satellite communication capabilities
The Telkom-3S satellite will include 42 transponders including 24 C-band transponders, eight extended C-band transponders and 10 Ku-band transponders. The C-band transponders will offer coverage for Indonesia and south-east Asia.
The extended C-band beams will cover Indonesia and part of Malaysia, while the Ka-band transponders will offer dedicated coverage of Indonesia.
The satellite will increase Telkom Indonesia's broadcast capacity and will also provide key services for businesses, the interconnection of mobile networks and Internet backbones.
Telkom-3S satellite launch vehicle details
The Telkom-3S satellite launch operations are being managed by Arianespace and the launcher is delivered by Airbus Safran Launchers. The satellite will be launched aboard Ariane 5 designated flightVA235 along with SKY Brasil-1. The launcher will have a total mass of 780t at lift-off, and will have a height of 54.8m.
The launch mission from lift-off to satellite separation will be completed in 39 minutes and 43 seconds. The rocket lift-off will be enabled with the ignition of main stage cryogenic engine and two solid-propellant boosters. The launcher will initially climb vertically for 13 seconds and then rotate towards the east. The fairing protecting the payload will be jettisoned after 202 seconds.
The trajectory of the launcher will be controlled with the help of two onboard computers fixed in the Ariane 5 vehicle equipment bay (VEB). The computers will optimise the trajectory in real-time and will minimise propellant consumption after the completion of first part of the flight.
The launch operations of the satellite will be carried out from Guiana Space Centre's launch complex three (ELA 3) located at Kourou, French Guiana.
Ground control station
Kratos Defense & Security Solutions was contracted to provide Kratos' satID® geolocation system with Kratos ISI to upgrade master control station (MCS) of Telkom in July 2015. The geolocation system will support the existing Telkom satellites Telkom-1 and Telkom-2 as well as the Telkom-3S satellite.
Thales Alenia Space will provide parts of the control centre, and trained engineers and technicians as part of Talcom-3S satellite development programme.