Boeing 737 MAX Twin-Engine Airliner, United States of America
Boeing 737 MAX is a new family of twin-engine airliners developed by Boeing. It is based on the world's best-selling aircraft Next-Generation 737. The first 737 MAX entered into service in May 2017.
The Boeing 737 twin-engine airliner is the bestselling jetliner of all time.
The 737 MAX aircraft family includes the 737 MAX 7, 737 MAX 8, 737 MAX 9, and 737 MAX 200 variations. The new range of aircraft is intended to deliver unsurpassed fuel efficiency for the customers in the single-aisle segment.
The 737 MAX development programme was approved by the company's board of directors in August 2011. Boeing rolled out the first 737 MAX 8 in December 2015.
The aircraft made its first flight in January 2016. The first 737 MAX 8 was delivered to Malindo Air in May 2017.
Boeing 737 MAX design
The super-efficient design of 737 MAX incorporates new winglet technology, delivering fuel-burn advantage. The fuselage is strengthened to accommodate new engines.
The expanded tail cone, along with the thickened segment over the flight control surfaces, improve steadiness of air flow, and avoid the vortex generators on the tail.
These modifications further reduce the drag and improve the fuel-efficiency of the airliners. The aircraft delivers an 8% a seat advantage compared to other aircraft in the single-aisle segment.
Flight deck and cabin of the twin-engine airliners
The flight deck can house the pilot and a co-pilot. It is equipped with a common display system (CDS) supplied by Honeywell Air Transport Systems. The CDS consists of six flat-panel liquid crystal displays.
The flight controls include fly-by-wire spoilers in place of a mechanical system to achieve weight reductions. The aircraft is equipped with anti-icing systems and electronic bleed air system to improve cabin pressurisation.
The cabin of the 737 MAX features the passenger-preferred Boeing Sky Interior. The interior boasts modern-sculpted side-walls, a spacious cabin with more headroom, swivelling overhead stowage bins and an LED lighting system. The larger bins provide more space to passengers for storing carry-on roll-aboard luggage near their own seat.
Reading-light switches are redesigned to avoid the accidental pressing of the flight-attendant call button. Other eminent features include new speakers and tamperproof air grill.
CFM LEAP-1B engines on the 737 MAX
The 737 MAX is powered by CFM International LEAP-1B engines. The integration of engines with the wing is similar to that of 787 Dreamliner engine with its wing. The engine reduces CO2 emissions by an additional ten to 12% in comparison with existing fuel-efficient single-aisle aircraft.
CFM International received type certificates from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for its LEAP-1B engine in May 2016.
Boeing 737 MAX landing gear
The 737 MAX is equipped with retractable tricycle-type landing gear. The main landing gear is strengthened to accommodate the increase in loads due to the larger engines.
The nose gear door design is modified to complement a larger engine fan. The nose landing gear is lengthened to 20cm to achieve the required ground clearance, while housing the larger engine fan.
International orders for Boeing's new aircraft
In December 2011, Boeing received the first firm order for 150 737 MAX aircraft, from launch customer Southwest Airlines.
In January 2012, Norwegian Air Shuttle placed an $11.4bn firm order for 100 737 MAX aircraft and 22 Next-Generation 737-800s. Lion Air finalised a $22.4bn firm order for 201 737 MAXs and 29 Next-Generation 737-900ERs in February 2012. Virgin Australia finalised a firm order with Boeing in July 2012 for 23 737 MAX aircraft, plus four options.
In July 2012, Boeing received a $7.2bn firm order from Air Lease Corporation to deliver 60 737 MAX 8 and 15 737 MAX 9 aircraft. The contract also includes reconfirmation rights for 25 more 737 MAX aircraft. United Air Lines placed a $14.7bn firm order for 100 737 MAXs and 50 Next-Generation 737s in July 2012.
GE Capital Aviation committed to buy 75 737 MAX 8s and 25 Next-Generation 737-800s at the Farnborough International Airshow in 2012. Aircraft leasing companies ALAFCO and Avolon also announced their commitments at the airshow to purchasing 737 MAX 8 and MAX 9 aircraft.
The 737 MAX has received more than 1,200 orders and commitments from 18 customers to date. In 2012, Icelandair and SilkAir placed orders with Boeing for the delivery of 12 and 31 737 MAXs, respectively.
In 2013, Boeing received orders for 737 MAX from WestJet (65 aircraft), Travel Service (3), CIT Group (30), Turkish Airlines (50) and Icelandair (16).
In 2014, Boeing received orders from SunExpress (15), Nok Airlines (7), SpiceJet (42), Comair (8), China Eastern, Turkish Airlines (15), Okay Airway (6), Air Lease (20), Avolon (5), Ethiopian Airlines (20), Monarch Airlines (30), SMBC Aviation (80) and Jetlines (5), for the delivery of 737 MAX 8s.
Boeing received order from Air Canada for delivery of 61 737 MAX aeroplanes, including 33 737 MAX 8s and 28 737 MAX 9s. The contract also includes option to buy 18 aircraft and rights to purchase additional 30 737 MAXs.
SMBC Aviation placed an additional order with Boeing during 2014 Paris Air Show for the delivery of 10 737 MAX 8s.
In October 2014, Boeing received an order from Garuda Indonesia for 50 737 MAX aircraft.
AerCap placed an order for 100 737 MAX 8s at the Paris Air Show held in June 2015.
Enter Air placed an order with Boeing for two 737 MAX 8s and two Next-Generation 737-800s in June 2015.
Jet Airways placed an order with Boeing for 75 737 MAX 8 aeroplanes in November 2015.
Korean Air signed a contract with Boeing for 30 737 MAXs and two additional 777-300ER (Extended Range) jetliners in November 2015.
Boeing received an order from BOC Aviation for the delivery of 11 Next-Generation 737-800s and 11 737 MAX 8 aeroplanes, in November 2015.
In May 2016, Boeing received an $11.3bn order from VietJet to deliver 100 737 MAX 200 aeroplanes. Deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2019 and will continue through 2023.
Boeing received an order from a Chinese customer for 30 737 aircraft, including 737 MAX and Next-Generation 737 airliners at Farnborough Airshow held in July 2016.
Air Europa placed an order with Boeing for 20 737 MAX 8s during the Farnborough International Airshow 2016.
Malaysia Airlines placed an order for more than 50 737 MAX aircrfat, including 25 737 MAX 8s. The order also includes rights to purchase additional 737 MAX 8 and 737 MAX 9 airliners.