Air Tractor AT-802 Firefighting Aircraft, United States of America
AT-802 is an agricultural spraying or firefighting aircraft designed and developed by Air Tractor. The aircraft's agriculture or firefighting missions are accomplished using the 3,028l capacity chemical hopper placed between the engine firewall and the cockpit. The hopper is filled with fire retardant, foam or water.
Upon completing its maiden flight in October 1990, the aircraft entered into production in 1993 with two versions, AT-802 agricultural sprayer and AT-802F firefighter. AT-802 was put into service in 2002.
Air Tractor was awarded a $10.3m contract by the Protection and Rescue Directorate of the Republic of Macedonia in March 2009 to supply three AT-802A Fire Boss aircraft, special tools and spare parts. The contract also encompassed training for six pilots, three mechanics and two engineers.
AT-802 has four variants including AT-802A, AT-802U, AT-802F/AT-802AF and AT-802A Fire Boss.
AT-802A is a single seat aircraft principally used for agricultural crop dusting or firefighting missions. It renders additional working capacity compared to that of conventional agricultural aircraft.
AT-802U is a military model designed and built under the Laar Coin (Light Attack Armed Reconnaissance Counter Insurgency) programme. It took off on its maiden flight in 2009. The variant has two cockpit seats in tandem configuration. It houses cockpit armour, a bulletproof windscreen, self sealing fuel tanks, advanced sensors and a robust armament carriage.
AT-802F or AT-802AF is a fire extinguishing version fitted with modern automated fire gate controls.
The Fire Boss is an improved version of AT-802A, equipped with Impairer 10000 amphibious floats for landing on a runway or water. It can accumulate water from the rivers or lake or ponds to accomplish firefighting missions.
Orders and deliveries
Croatia has ordered five AT-802A and one AT-802F, Spain 15 AT-802, three AT-802A and 15 AT-802F, Australia eight AT-802, Macedonia three AT-802F, Canada six AT-802F and one AT-802A, Montenegro three AT-802A, Italy 10 AT-802A and Israel seven AT-802F.
The Cyprus Department of Forestry procured one two-seater AT-802. In January 2011, the UAE Air Force acquired the first of 10 AT-802U ordered.
Conair Group received the 200th AT-802 in 2005. Duncan Aerial Services acquired the 400th AT-802 in February 2011.
Design and features
AT-802 is designed to operate from small airports with unprepared airstrips or runways. It can be integrated with landing gear having two main wheels and a tail wheel.
An MX-15Di imaging system designed and built by L-3 Wescam, enables the aircraft to capture infra-red imagery of the field.
The aircraft is integrated with Bendix / King KX 155A NAV/COM transceiver designed and built by Honeywell Aerospace for executing navigation and communication operations. It also features an optional 70 gallon capacity hopper under the belly when operated as bulk fuel hauling aircraft.
AT-802 is powered by a single Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-65AG turboprop engine, which produces 1,007kW of output power. It is also fitted with a five-blade Hartzell HC-B5MP-3F/M11276NS constant speed reversible pitch propeller which rotates at the rate of 1,700rpm.
The epicyclic speed reduction gearbox optimises the output speed to maximise the power and minimise the propeller noise. It also houses multistage axial and a single-stage centrifugal compressor, a reverse flow combustor and a single-stage compressor turbine.
The engine is 1.93m-long and 0.55m-high. Its diameter is 0.48m.
AT-802 can climb at the rate of 4.3m/s. Its maximum speed is 356km/h. The range and service ceiling of the aircraft are 1,289km and 3,965m respectively.